Learning is never ending and education is a medium of learning. There are hundreds of techniques of learning and to educate human being. Similarly there are hundreds of different fields for learning. Before democracy there was only one University called Tribhuvan University, which is government one. After democracy, new universities both in government and private sector such as Nepal Sanskrit University mainly focus on language Sanskrit, Kathmandu University in private sector, Pokhara University and Purbanchal University in public sector. The approach and modalities of these universities are similar to Tribhuvan University. The proposed university is slightly different from those universities. The university focuses mainly on Buddhist philosophy, to offer different courses to monks and also to students from disadvantaged groups and poor economic background. Most important aspect of this university is to give practical education rather than theoretical one and to prepare self employed citizens of the country in future. The poor and intelligent students will achieve higher degree without loosing their time due to lack of finance for further education in homely environment and self employed condition.
The Siddhartha University project offers an opportunity to launch a conservation and revitalization cultural and historical sites, social services of Nala.
Location and Access
The proposed Siddhartha University will be located at Nala, Ugrachandi Village Development Committee, which is about 20 km east of Kathmandu City and about two kilometer from Banepa. There is very good transportation service from Kathmandu to Banepa. There is a shuttle bus service to Banepa city. Nala is an important medieval town, with two important temple sites, the Nala Bhagwati and Karunamaya (Seto Macchendranath of Nala). It is at the foothills of Nagarkot ridge, and well connected from Banepa and Bhaktapur. It is an important traditional market for the surrounding rural areas. Although the pace of change in the original town form is not as rapid as Banepa or Bhaktapur, reconstruction, encroachments slum formation etc. is underway.
Description of the Proposed Site
The site is a forested hill covered with shrub adjacent to Nala. These forests seem to be traditionally preserved as community forests. The terrain of the area is hilly terrain and landscape of the area is terrace land look like abandoned cultivated terraces and converted into forests. Under the Local Governance Act, Nala Village development committee (VDC) donated this land of over 1000 ropanis to Siddhartha University. According to Forest Act 2049 and Forest Rules 2050 the area is under jurisdiction of Department of Forests, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation.
- Develop a concept of campus region including the Town of Nala and surrounding VDC’s.
- Beneficial impacts on surrounding settlements should be considered and planned.
- Creating partnerships with Local communities.
- Optimizing the University’s investment for core facilities only.
- Minimize construction on site to preserve its sanctity as a forested hill and to avoid fragile slopes. This will also cut construction costs.
- Ecologically friendly built form.
- Vehicular movement plan and parking pockets. Also develop convenient foot-tracks.
- Advice Nala and Tukucha VDC’s regarding development of infrastructure as well as conservation to absorb needs of the University in the future.
- Academic buildings like the Library, academic departments, etc. can be built on the ridge area where several small flattish areas are available. These should be 2-3 storied structures connected by covered paths. Certain flat terraces on the north east side close to the vehicular road on the Tukucha VDC side leading to Nagarkot can be used for workshops and departments which require larger structures and heavy vehicle access. Monks quarters and cottages for meditation can be selectively placed at various spots on the Site. Care should be taken that in doing so we don’t spread the services network unnecessarily.
- Apart form the alignment of Siddhartha Path, a foot-road should be constructed linking the Nala town with the top of the ridge at Site. It is perceived that Nala town will have to meet certain requirements like Student and staff housing, food, shopping transportation to Kathmandu/Banepa for the University. Where this foot road intersects with the Siddhartha Path, certain buildings could be constructed which require greater public accessibility and need to be shared with the Town, Like the Museum.
Tentative location of various components of the Univerity
- Suddhodhan Principal’s Office and Pragya Library near the Pond area.
- Sariputta Classrooms and Faculty offices in the surrounding ridge areas.
- Matthakundali workshops near the boundary with Tukucha VDC.
- Jivaka Clinic on the foot road to Nala.
- University Press and Computer laboratory near the Workshops.
- Ananda book house near the foot trail.
- Dormitories: starting with utilizing existing buildings in Nala. Identifying new development in the Nala area.
- Bimbisara museum at the intersection of foot trail and Siddhartha Path.
- Plant nursery to maintain the vegetation
- Rahula Convention Center at the ridge area.
- Agantuka Gumba House in the Nala area.
- Staff Quarters in the proposed area.
- Karuna Cafetaria
- Student Services Center at the Ridge area.
- Ramya Stadium at an appropriate location in the surrounding VDC’s.
- Devadaha Swimming Pool near the river.
- Asita Hermitages to be spread in small clusters in the forest.
The locations are also shown in attached satellite map.
Area Required for Construction Activities
The total estimated area required for the construction of academic facilities, administrative buildings and other facilities is 131412.5 sq.ft.(12208sq.m) which is 1.2 hectare of land. The details of area or space requirement assessment are given in Annex. 1.
|Annex 1: Space Requirement Assessment|
|1.1||Total area for Departments (table:3)||68820|
|1.2||Computer lab of each school (4 no.x 1500)||6000|
|Total carpet area of Academic facilities||74820|
|Total coverage (x1.25)||93525|
|2.2||PA and waiting||200|
|2.3||Officers (3 no. X 250)||750|
|Total carpet area of dean’s office||2010|
|Total coverage (x1.25) of four schools||10050|
|3.2||Pro- chancellor’s office||320|
|Office space area requirement||1390|
|3.10||Examination controller’s office||1390|
|3.11||Planning and course development division||1390|
|3.12||Infrastructure management and Maintenance division||1390|
|Total carpet area of central administration||8590|
|Total coverage (x1.25)||10737.5|
|4||CENTRAL LIBRARY AND RESEARCH||12600|
|Total built up area||131412.5|